Statistics cannot express the depth of decadence into which the modern Church has fallen. They can, however, reflect it in some way, as effects reflect their cause. Kenneth C. Jones recently published an Index of Leading Catholic Indicators for the United States, which is very revealing. The figures for seminarians and religious are particularly shocking. Rom 1965 to 2002, the number of seminarians declined more than 90%, from 49,000 to 4,7000. Needless to say two-thirds of the 600 seminaries operating in 1965 have now closed. In 1965 there were 180,000 Catholic nuns. By 2002 this figure had fallen to 75,000, with a large proportion of these being very elderly. In 1965 there were 104,000 teaching nuns. In 2002 there were only 8,200, a decline of 94%. The same drop in men religious in formation is apparent. In 1965 there were in the U.S. 3,559 Jesuits in formation. In 2002 there were 389. The number for the Christian Brothers has dropped from 912 to 7, and the Franciscans and Redemptorists combined had 3,379 in formation compared with 84 in 2002. The possibility of substituting a social welfare and social justice kind of apostolate has slowed down the decline in number of priests, for 58,000 in 1965 to 45,000 in 2002. However, this decline will keep accelerating, since there were only 450 priests ordained in the U.S. in 2002, compared to 1,575 in 1965.